How does ocean acidification occur

How does ocean acidification occur as a result of increased atmospheric carbon dioxide levels, and what are the potential consequences for marine organisms, ecosystems, and the services they provide, such as fisheries, tourism, and carbon sequestration?Can you discuss the role of renewable energy technologies, such as solar, wind, and hydroelectric power, in transitioning to a low-carbon economy and reducing reliance on fossil fuels to mitigate climate change and promote sustainable development?